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Hewison Insights

Navigating the challenges ahead.

Alexi Guagas
Senior Associate Adviser
30 Aug 2023

The recent release of the 2023 Australian Government Intergenerational Report has captured the interest of policymakers, economists, and the wider public alike.

With long-term analysis of Australia’s demographic, economic, and social trends, and insights into the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead for the nation – there is lots to discuss.

So, how are we fairing and what needs to held in mind?

Aging population

One of the significant challenges highlighted in the report is Australia’s aging population. With longer life expectancies and declining birth rates, the proportion of older Australians is projected to increase. This demographic shift poses challenges for healthcare, aged care services, and the sustainability of the aged pension.

The report also emphasises the importance of maintaining economic sustainability amidst changing demographics. As the population ages, there will be a decline in the working-age population, potentially impacting productivity and economic growth. An ageing population means a smaller share of the population will be contributing to income tax collections. A taxation issue, future governments will need to address.

Climate change

The report also highlights the urgent need to address climate change and promote environmental sustainability. It emphasises the need for a transition to a low-carbon economy, highlighting the potential economic opportunities that arise from embracing renewable energy and sustainable practices. The report underscores the importance of balancing economic growth with environmental stewardship to ensure a prosperous and sustainable future for all Australians.


Australia’s growing population demands a robust infrastructure to support economic growth and enhanced quality of life. The report emphasises the need for strategic planning and investment in infrastructure, including transportation, healthcare facilities, and digital connectivity. By prioritising infrastructure development, the government can create jobs, improve productivity, and enhance the overall well-being of constituents.

Education and skills development

To thrive in a rapidly changing global economy, Australia must prioritise education and skills development. The report highlights the importance of equipping the workforce with the necessary skills to adapt to technological advancements and emerging industries. Governments will need to invest in education and training programs that foster innovation, entrepreneurship, and lifelong learning to ensure a competitive workforce for the future.

What do we need to do?

The report is like a road map, it provides the community, governments, and policymakers with an idea of what our country would look like if we continued roughly down our current path, without changing much.

By identifying some of our greatest long-term challenges early, we are in a better position to change our policy with foresight, for a prosperous future. Holding the issues of our aging population, climate change, infrastructure development, and education and skills development at the forefront of policy change will pave the way for a thriving and resilient future for Australians.

Over the next two decades It is crucial for policymakers, businesses, and individuals to work together to overcome these challenges and build a sustainable and inclusive Australia for generations to come.